The Forex exchange market is a market where different currencies are traded. Currencies are an important part of life and they need to be conducted in the normal conduct of business and trade. You may want to import products from another country. In such a case, you will have to use your own currency in a foreign country. Here, it becomes necessary for the importer to exchange the equivalent value of your currency into their own currency.
For the tourist travelling around the world, it is not possible to use their currencies in different countries because it is not accepted generally at local shops and points. Therefore, the tourist will need to exchange their currency for the local currency at the exchange rate that is prevailing at that particular time.
Why the Forex market is so large
The only reason why the Forex trading market is so large is due to the great need to exchange different world currencies. This makes the area the liquid market in the financial sector all over the world. Other market sizes are very small compared to Forex trading, including the stock market. The total volume that is exchanged changes from time to time, but it is always in excess of trillion dollars every year.
One of the unique aspects of the international market is the fact that the foreign exchange market does not have any central marketplace where business is conducted. As such, the trading is only conducted in an electronic manner over the counter. This means that the transactions will occur through computer networks between traders from all parts of the world instead of a centralized kind of exchange.
Forex trading is a market that is open all the time and the currencies are usually traded all over the world in the greatest financial centers, and across all time zones. This means that even if a trading day ends in a certain place, a new one will begin at another place. This means that the Forex market is so active at all times and the price quotes change all the time and quite constantly too.
The spot market, the forwards, and the futures markets
There are different ways in which individuals, corporations, and institutions trade in this area. This is the spot market, the forwards markets, as well as the futures markets. The spot market trading is the largest due to the fact that it is the real assets on which the future markets and the forwards markets are actually based on.
Previously the futures market was popular with traders because investors could use it for a longer time. However, this changed when electronic trading came to the scene and when so many Forex brokers were introduced. The spot market has many activities and now surpasses future markets as the trading market preferred by speculators and individual investors. In most cases, people mean spot market when they talk about the Forex market.
The gestures and forwards markets are popular with the companies that have to hedge the exchange stocks at specific times in the future.